- Gentle brush instead of hard scrubber
The most important tool for dental care is the toothbrush. This should have rounded plastic bristles, the brush head must not be too large, so that any place in the mouth can be reached. Helpful are – especially with limited motor skills – electric toothbrushes. If you have sensitive teeth or irritated gums, you should prefer soft bristles. It is a mistake that hard brushes purify more intensely.
The life of a toothbrush is about eight weeks, then the brush should be replaced with a new one. After infections in the mouth area a replacement of the toothbrush is recommended to avoid a renewed contact with the pathogens.
There are special prosthesis brushes, you also have on the back of the brush head a longer brush tuft, so that even the hard to reach pages can be cleaned at the denture base.
Cleaning the tongue surface helps to prevent bad taste and bad breath. The correct application should be practiced in the dental practice in the context of individual prophylaxis.
The toothpaste helps by polishing agents to remove plaque. Flavorings (such as peppermint) refresh the breath and give a good taste. In addition, toothpaste contains fluoride, which is the enamel make them more resistant to the metabolic products of bacteria and thus protect.
- Dental floss and interdental brush
With the toothbrush, the food particles in the interdental spaces usually cannot be removed. Dentists therefore advise flossing. The “fins” can be demonstrated in the dental practice. Small interdental brushes often prove more advantageous as they are easier to handle. They are generally better suited for wider tooth gaps than the fine silk thread.
- Oral Irrigator
This device helps brush cleaning the teeth, but does not replace them. An oral irrigator loosens and rinses food residue between the teeth, but does not remove the actual plaque.
It can be used in addition to the basic cleaning with toothbrush and toothpaste. Certain active ingredients therein are the formation of dental plaque (plaque) inhibit. In the long-term use of, for example, chlorhexidine preparations, however, teeth, fillings and tongue surface may turn brownish. Even the taste can be affected.
- Clean prostheses properly
Powder cleaner for dentures cannot replace the cleaning with the brush. Do not use toothpaste to clean the denture. The emery substances contained therein are adjusted to the hardness of the tooth enamel. They destroy the highly polished surface of the dentures. It is better to put a drop of mild detergent on the toothbrush. After cleaning, the prosthesis must be rinsed well with water.
If the prosthesis is too loose, many denture wearers use adhesives, basically, however, a stop without aid is desirable. A dentist must decide if other measures can improve the bond. If an optimization of the stop is not possible, the doctor can prescribe adhesive cream.
It makes the prosthesis wearer more comfortable to wear and feels safer with other people when talking and eating. The adhesive cream should be applied thinly and the prosthesis thoroughly removed after wearing.
The best time for disinfecting is at bedtime. Observe the application and dosage recommendations. The recommended exposure times of the individual products can be very different. The degree of contamination must also be taken into account.
The dental prosthesis can also be disinfected with a solution of chlorhexidine. After thorough cleaning with the toothbrush, the prosthesis is then placed two to three times a week for three to five minutes in a corresponding cleaning bath. Ready-to- use chlorhexidine solutions are available at the pharmacy. After the disinfection bath, the denture is thoroughly rinsed under running water and replaced.
- Brushing your teeth is child’s play
Beautiful teeth are not a matter of luck, but the result of consistent dental care. And that should start with the first milk teeth. Because baby teeth not only allow your child to eat and speak properly. The last deciduous teeth must remain healthy until about the twelfth year of age, so they can fulfill their role as a placeholder for the permanent teeth.
Even a small child can get used to the minimum of brushing twice a day. It would be even better to brush your teeth after every meal, then harmful plaque will not stand a chance.
Carefully clean your child’s teeth with an age-appropriate toothbrush and a pea-sized amount of children’s toothpaste with the appropriate fluoride content: toothpastes for adults and children from school age contain between 1,000 and 1,500 ppm fluoride. Most commercially available toothpastes for children are enriched with 500 ppm fluoride. In order to give you no incentive to swallow, you should refrain from toothpastes with fruit. In addition, you can use fluoride-containing salt in the home and thus make a valuable contribution to the health of the teeth of your entire family.
Tooth brushing from three years
- Start with the chewing surfaces: your child may first brush up and then down on the chewing surfaces.
- It continues with the outer surfaces: Let your child put his teeth on each other. Then it should push the toothbrush to the last molar and paint on the closed rows of teeth large circles until it has reached the last molar on the other side.
- Last will be the insides cleaned: For this purpose, the toothbrush in the upper and lower jaw is placed inside on the gingival margin and cleaned with small circles or with rotational movements of the gums to the tooth, so from “red to white”.
Children over the age of ten – Brushing their teeth like adults
First rinse the mouth thoroughly by pressing the water through the spaces between the teeth so that the fresh leftovers are already dissolved.
- Outer surfaces: To clean the outer surfaces, the mouth remains slightly open. Place the toothbrush diagonally at a 45-degree angle on the gingival margin, gently shake it in place five to eight times and then wipe it from red to white, ie from the gum to the tooth surface. So the toothbrush can dissolve the plaque and rinse.
- Inner surfaces: Thoroughly clean the inner surfaces tooth by tooth. Loosen the plaque by gently shaking it and wipe it from the gum to the tooth.
- Chewing surfaces: The chewing surfaces may now be properly scrubbed: first brush on the upper, then on the lower chewing surfaces back and forth.
Do not forget dental floss
Do not forget to clean the interdental spaces regularly two to three times a week, optimally daily. That’s the only way you can be sure that the gaps will be clean. Use dental floss or the interdental brushes most sensibly in the evening after brushing your teeth to remove even the last food particles.